Friday, 12 December 2014

Today in History December 12 - Jomo Kenyatta, the founding father of Kenya

December 12 is the 346th day of the year. There are 19 days remaining until the end of the year.

Jomo Kenyatta 1978.jpg
Jomo Kenyatta, 1st President of Kenya
Today's Highlight in History
1964 – Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta becomes the first President of the Republic of Kenya.

Jomo Kenyatta was Kenya's leader from independence in 1963 untill his death in 1978. He was first a Prime Minister before, he was elected president of the Kenya African Union (KAU) In 1947. He is considered the founding father Kenyan.
Jomo Kenyatta was born Kamau wa Ngengi to parents Muigai wa Kung'u and Wambui in the village of Gatundu. After the death of both his parents, he lived with his grandfather and trained himself through school doing odd jobs. He worked as a houseboy and cook for a white settler to pay his school fees at a mission school.

When he completed his mission school education, he became an apprentice carpenter, before he went to work as a clerk for an Asian contractor, In 1922 Kamau began working, as a store clerk and water-meter reader for the Nairobi Municipal Council Public Works Department.

His love for education took him to London where he enrolled in University College London, he studied social anthropology under Bronisław Malinowski at the London School of Economics (LSE).
A statue of Kenyatta at the KICC in Nairobi

Kenyatta was a well-educated intellectual who authored several books, and is remembered as a Pan-Africanist. He is also the father of Kenya's fourth and current President, Uhuru Kenyatta.

President Kenyatta died in Mombasa of natural causes attributable to old age and was buried on 31 August 1978 in Nairobi in a state funeral at a mausoleum on Parliament grounds.

He had so many things named after him. Nairobi's Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, Kenyatta International Conference Centre, Nairobi's main street and main streets in many Kenyan cities and towns, numerous schools, two universities (Kenyatta University and Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology), the country's main referral hospital, markets and housing estates are named after him.

A statue in Nairobi city center and monuments all over Kenya stand in his honour. Kenya observed a public holiday every 20 October in his honour until the 2010 constitution abolished Kenyatta Day and replaced it with Mashujaa (Heroes') day. Kenyatta's face adorns Kenyan currency notes and coins of all denominations except the 40 shilling coin.

One of his famous words : “When the Missionaries arrived, the Africans had the land and the Missionaries had the Bible. They taught us how to pray with our eyes closed. When we opened them, they had the land and we had the Bible.”


World Events

1870 – Joseph H. Rainey of South Carolina becomes the second black U.S. congressman, the first being Hiram Revels.
1897 – Belo Horizonte, the first planned city in Brazil, is founded.
1901 – Guglielmo Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio signal (the letter "S" [***] in Morse Code), at Signal Hill in St John's, Newfoundland.
1911 – Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
1941 – Adolf Hitler declares the imminent extermination of the Jews at a meeting in the Reich Chancellery
1950 – Paula Ackerman, the first woman appointed to perform rabbinical functions in the United States, leads the congregation in her first services.
1958 – Guinea joins the United Nations.
1963 – Kenya gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
1964 – Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta becomes the first President of the Republic of Kenya.
1984 – Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya becomes the third president of Mauritania after a coup d'état against Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla while the latter is attending a summit.
1985 – Arrow Air Flight 1285, a McDonnell Douglas DC-8, crashes after takeoff in Gander, Newfoundland, killing all 256 people on board, including 236 members of the United States Army's 101st Airborne Division.
1988 – The Clapham Junction rail crash kills thirty-five and injures hundreds after two collisions of three commuter trains—one of the worst train crashes in the United Kingdom.
1991 – The Russian Federation gains independence from the USSR.
2000 – The United States Supreme Court releases its decision in Bush v. Gore.

Fighting Emotion (3)

Chapter 3 Ifeoma suddenly found Fred dogging her heels; it was most likely for him to fall into step with her on her way back ...